To Home Page 





3.4 hectares, at the edge of the Padang (Cricket Field)

Index to Projects in Singapore

Republic of Singapore

Gross Floor Area
391,000 m2 including 44,300 m2 parking

Raffles City (PTE) Ltd., Singapore

Time Frame
Planning: 11/
  revived 10/78
Construction: 8/80
Completion: 7/86

Raffles City

Republic of Singapore
Completed 1986


Lead Designers:



I. M. Pei
Ralph Heisel


Multiuse complex including hotel and office towers, a convention center, commercial space, recreational facilities and underground parking

Click on image to enlarge

Raffles City was undertaken in a climate of nation building shortly after Singapore's independence. Upon completion in 1986, the 370,000 m2 project was the largest private commercial development in Southeast Asia with the tallest building in the Far East, the world's tallest hotel, and the largest continuous concrete pour ever attempted.

The complex includes a 39-story office tower, a 1,200-room, 72-story tourist hotel and a more exclusive hotel with 800 guest rooms in two angled 27-story towers. All components are interconnected and rise from a seven-story podium housing shops, health/sports and convention facilities. A central atrium provides the building with its own climate controlled town square; in both density and activity, Raffles is itself a mixed-used city.

An innovative aluminum curtain wall unifies the exterior. The mass of the building is shifted away from the historic Raffles Hotel and toward the grassy Padang. Like a piece of monumental sculpture, the tall cam-shaped tower mysteriously changes profile, appearing curved or orthogonal from different perspectives. No attempt was made to integrate with existing low-rise neighbors of uncertain urban renewal fate. The project was designed to look ahead, not back, and relies on contrast to express its role as a centerpiece of Singapore's redeveloped future.


Major Components

225,600 m2 hotel including 90,210 m2 hotel tower (72 stories; 223ám high) and 82,804ám2 twin hotel towers (27 stories; 90 m high) + retail and support (including 7,800ám2 convention center; 3,100ám2 ballrooms (2); 1,775ám2 meeting rooms (32); 300ám2 boardá/ dining rooms (4); 520ám2 prefunctioná/ VIP lounge; 4,250ám2 tennis courts (6); 2,500ám2 swimming pool); dining, retail, helipad; 55,125ám2 office toweráB (39 stories; 158ám high) with shops and 300ám2 banking on levels 1ľ4; 130ám2 typical office floors (5ľ39) 103,013ám2 podium (7 stories) with 25,000ám2 commercial; 7,000ám2 major circulation; 20,000ám2 mechanicalá/ support; 86,915ám2 basement; 44,276ám2 parking for 1,200 cars on 3 levels underground


I. M. Pei & Partners services

Master Planning; Architectural Design; Interior Design of public spaces; coordination with associate architect on construction documents and construction administration


Associate Architect

Architects 61, Singapore



Weiskopf & Pickworth, New York, NY and 
Sim Bee Teck & Associates, Singapore


Mechanical / Electrical

Cosentini Associates LLP, New York, NY, and
CMP Consultants Pte. Ltd., Singapore



Photo credits

Profile   Projects   Contacts   Contents